Children & Youth
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights

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Source: New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of babies born with low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams or about 5.5 pounds) expressed as a percentage of all live births.

Why is this important?

Low birth weight is a leading predictor of neonatal death. Low birth-weight infants are also more likely than normal birth-weight infants to experience long-term developmental and neurological disabilities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that maternal smoking is the cause of 20% to 30% of all low-weight births in the United States.

How is our region performing?

In 2019, 8.4% of babies in the 9-county region had low birth weights, similar to state and national rates. Wyoming (9.6%), Monroe (9.3%), and Seneca (8.3%) counties had the highest rates in the region in 2019. The lowest rates were in Yates and Orleans counties at 3.9% and 5.4% respectively. The City of Rochester consistently had the highest rates of low birth-weight babies in the region, and had a rate of 13.6% in 2019, the highest level since 2000.

Notes about the data

Rates based upon small numbers in some of the geographies can vary widely, making it difficult to distinguish true changes from random fluctuations.

Low Birth Weight Babies
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS7.7%7.7%7.9%7.9%8.2%8.3%8.3%8.1%8.2%8.2%8.2%8.1%7.9%7.9%7.8%7.8%7.9%8.1%8.0%8.0%
NYS (excluding NYC)7.3%7.0%7.5%7.4%7.6%7.7%7.9%7.7%7.6%7.7%7.7%7.8%7.5%7.5%7.7%7.5%7.6%7.7%7.7%7.7%
Region7.1%6.3%7.2%6.8%7.3%7.9%7.9%7.5%7.1%7.7%7.9%7.8%7.9%7.4%7.8%7.6%7.5%8.2%8.1%8.4%
Monroe7.7%6.9%7.7%7.4%7.7%8.5%8.5%8.0%8.1%8.6%8.5%8.4%8.7%8.1%8.3%8.2%8.2%9.3%8.8%9.3%
Surrounding Counties6.1%5.2%6.2%5.9%6.6%6.8%6.6%6.5%5.5%6.2%6.7%6.6%6.4%6.1%6.7%6.6%6.2%6.3%7.0%6.9%
Genesee5.8%3.7%5.6%6.2%5.9%7.6%7.8%6.3%4.9%6.7%6.5%4.9%5.8%6.0%6.0%6.2%5.5%6.7%6.9%7.0%
Livingston5.7%4.5%6.5%5.1%5.0%7.5%6.8%6.0%5.4%5.7%6.7%5.0%6.8%4.6%4.2%6.6%7.4%5.8%7.5%6.5%
Ontario6.4%4.6%6.6%5.9%5.9%6.5%6.5%7.1%5.3%5.6%7.6%7.9%6.2%6.7%7.6%6.1%5.3%6.7%7.7%6.9%
Orleans6.4%8.4%7.4%5.4%5.5%9.0%5.4%9.4%7.2%7.9%7.4%5.8%5.7%7.2%9.8%7.3%5.9%7.3%7.5%5.4%
Seneca6.6%5.4%7.0%7.2%8.9%6.7%6.0%7.5%2.9%5.1%4.3%7.5%8.6%6.1%5.9%5.7%6.0%3.5%7.5%8.3%
Wayne5.8%5.5%6.1%7.1%8.5%5.2%7.5%5.8%7.4%7.2%7.1%6.8%6.3%7.5%7.2%8.0%7.2%7.5%6.0%7.2%
Wyoming5.8%3.7%5.4%3.5%6.3%7.2%4.9%5.1%4.6%4.5%5.3%7.5%7.7%3.6%6.4%5.7%6.5%5.5%9.5%9.6%
Yates6.6%7.5%3.2%4.3%6.3%6.3%6.4%4.8%2.8%5.1%6.4%6.6%4.3%4.3%4.9%5.3%5.2%4.1%3.8%3.9%
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester11.0%9.1%10.8%10.1%9.6%10.6%11.7%10.8%11.4%10.8%10.8%10.5%11.3%11.4%10.5%11.2%10.9%12.9%12.6%13.6%
Regional Cities
Batavia9.4%6.3%7.3%6.7%6.5%6.3%5.6%5.2%7.1%4.2%6.1%7.3%7.1%7.4%
Canandaigua6.1%10.7%3.3%5.9%11.5%8.8%6.7%5.9%12.1%2.2%6.3%7.1%10.0%6.7%
Geneva10.9%9.5%5.2%5.1%6.7%11.4%5.7%10.2%6.7%9.6%4.7%5.9%11.7%6.6%

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.




Number of Low Birth Weight Babies
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
NYS20,02019,50419,86019,97220,40220,39220,75920,56020,47120,22619,91019,41718,93518,67018,64418,41918,39418,42318,11517,745
NYS (excluding NYC)10,0869,3909,9009,8229,9109,93310,23810,0059,7529,6409,4959,4099,0698,9729,2608,9659,0439,0788,9918,947
Region1,0488851,0049609791,0591,0971,0259721,0441,0431,0191,0119601,0149749331,0071,0001,038
Monroe727619688660655722759694702740725707720680700673657731684733
Surrounding Counties321266316300324337338331270304318312291280314301276276316305
Genesee4026363937524945314442293534373532374039
Livingston3829433232474436323338293424223439293736
Ontario7453756863717480595979816569826352657567
Orleans3439362525382542303532242330413324302623
Seneca2420262730252229111917303024232121123030
Wayne6860678195558562817769706172707766715964
Wyoming2516241527301922181921292914252126193634
Yates18239131519201581820201413141716131312
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester415324379343315346407386390377362350371379340344309390372397
Regional Cities
Batavia191313141211101014711131315
Canandaigua713471310861426796
Geneva20169810179171116710168

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: The benchmark for low birth weight is 2500 grams, or about 5.5 pounds.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 19% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2016-20 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $894 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Recreation Spending $52 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 58% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.4 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.9% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $61,376 2016-20 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.7% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs -8% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 8.1% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2016-20 2 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 4% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.5 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $143,640 2016-20 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $896 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2016-20 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 47% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 170 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2020 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 57 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 8.7 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.68 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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