Economic Security
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

Median household income, inflated to 2021 dollars, broken down by race/ethnicity. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Examining income for different racial and ethnic groups is important as a measure of inequity.

How is our region performing?

In 2017-21, median incomes in the region were highest among Asian and white residents, at $66,700 and $69,700, respectively, and lowest among Hispanic and African American residents, at $40,300 and $36,700, respectively. The income disparity between white/Asian and African American/Hispanic earners was similar to New York State and the U.S., but median incomes were higher for all groups at the state and national levels. Incomes were far lower for all groups in the City of Rochester: $43,200 for Asians, $30,500 for African Americans, $28,500 for Hispanics and $49,500 for whites.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in income are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of black Americans even after emancipation to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. Structural racism perpetuated by policies and practices that systematically disadvantage African American and Latino communities include inequitable education, low wages, job and wage discrimination, lack of access to capital, and globalization. Even when a recovery from the current economic crisis occurs, it is not expected to make up for the pre-existing racial disparities experienced over time unless policies are enacted to address these gaps.

Notes about the data

Data are presented in 2021 dollars.The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS$83,399$53,697$55,621$83,877
NYS (excluding NYC)$106,464$55,005$73,294$79,766
Region$66,657$36,682$40,294$69,716
Monroe$64,700$36,168$39,124$74,303
Surrounding Counties$72,740$45,312$50,644$64,635
GeneseeN/A***$36,384***$52,333*$65,204
LivingstonN/A***$32,188***$48,438**$65,350
Ontario$105,789**$52,321**$58,790$71,741
Orleans$116,875N/A***$38,214***$55,056
Seneca$54,485**$41,429***N/A***$60,474
Wayne$100,500**$44,659*$52,883**$65,244
Wyoming$37,100$56,579N/A***$60,318
Yates$34,423$16,464N/A***$59,561
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester$43,198*$30,528$28,541$49,486
Fairport (V)N/A***N/A***N/A***$79,375*
Webster (V)$91,976***$37,519***N/A***$46,508**
Pittsford (V)N/A***N/A***$72,031***$132,619*
Henrietta$45,750$64,923$99,737***$79,173
RigaN/A***N/A***N/A***$80,469
East RochesterN/A***N/A***$75,000**$61,198
ParmaN/A***N/A***$59,523**$84,148
WheatlandN/A***N/A***N/A***$68,073
Gates$76,186**$73,289*$93,125*$70,030
PenfieldN/A***$46,198***N/A***$101,390
Brighton$60,885*$45,750*$69,013**$79,960
IrondequoitN/A***$50,469$65,485*$72,506
RushN/A***N/A***N/A***$100,625
Brockport (V)N/A***N/A***N/A***$52,721
Scottsville (V)N/A***$35,568***N/A***$64,545
Hilton (V)N/A***N/A***N/A***$68,772
Greece$79,083***$49,849*$41,949*$73,176
Perinton$90,368*$40,938***$82,778***$100,767
Chili$185,233*$48,763$72,440***$83,852
MendonN/A***N/A***$191,691***$112,489
Sweden$178,750***$32,031***$11,573$61,159
Churchville (V)N/A***N/A***$46,012*$68,750*
Spencerport (V)N/A***N/A***N/A***$73,672*
Honeoye Falls (V)N/A***N/A***N/A***$76,677
HamlinN/A***N/A***N/A***$68,404
Pittsford$224,531*$78,850**$72,917***$123,148
ClarksonN/A***N/A***N/A***$65,785
OgdenN/A***$72,569**N/A***$79,936
Webster$94,333N/A***$62,759$80,799
Regional Cities
BataviaN/A***$40,536***$47,454***$52,189
CanandaiguaN/A***$19,736***$70,969***$54,297
GenevaN/A***$36,750***$35,156***$57,574

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2021 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS$73,845$51,013$49,606$78,373
NYS (excluding NYC)$195,006$114,465$125,092$147,971
Region$136,592$67,933$67,783$122,662
Monroe$82,153$41,181$39,291$79,774
Surrounding Counties$154,868$74,222$79,790$111,645
Genesee$60,586$40,880$38,882$66,929
Livingston$113,853$42,187$44,321$68,655
Ontario$80,917$45,300$37,345$73,557
Orleans$72,785$30,594$53,369$62,679
Seneca$79,290$54,339$79,037$60,783
Wayne$113,175$49,009$49,918$72,962
Wyoming$71,158$53,708$40,476$65,059
Yates$27,785$56,741$45,744$56,313
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester$52,662$36,303$31,170$51,250
Chili$100,404$82,098$74,170$90,394
Sweden$132,822$62,705$55,910$72,378
Mendon$325,296$54,667$54,893$125,638
Clarkson$54,893$67,092$46,036$90,134
Webster$105,721$60,919$87,423$95,980
Hilton (V)$106,012$7,319$77,054$83,337
Ogden$27,354$151,966$86,627$96,414
East Rochester$18,298$30,090$76,966$64,372
Wheatland$42,695$101,946$42,017$90,084
Honeoye Falls (V)$63,026$34,563$54,893$79,019
Parma$106,012$111,413$76,647$86,364
Gates$104,197$85,221$110,239$72,259
Pittsford (V)$264,301$98,605$130,911$97,686
Penfield$160,707$131,409$147,041$101,565
Greece$105,799$60,993$76,120$78,947
Perinton$119,687$156,720$99,912$112,218
Pittsford$183,653$165,310$149,053$141,784
Hamlin$22,364$11,945$77,570$82,477
Scottsville (V)$42,695$49,811$42,017$86,504
Riga$39,391$58,281$73,869$96,751
Churchville (V)$104,704$99,621$87,423$89,456
Henrietta$81,683$92,506$58,790$84,136
Spencerport (V)$26,430$0$87,423$93,359
Brighton$73,321$70,142$62,635$86,468
Rush$117,047$121,478$83,357$108,974
Fairport (V)$138,250$130,210$42,695$87,932
Irondequoit$106,849$62,087$56,037$74,146
Brockport (V)$42,695$60,350$55,232$60,095
Webster (V)$68,969$39,899$51,234$63,026
Regional Cities
Batavia$57,130$27,785$51,408$55,425
Canandaigua$58,960$15,757$47,439$61,542
Geneva$90,811$38,516$24,397$54,760

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2021 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 18% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2017-21 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,399 2021 1 0
Maintaining
Recreation Spending $83 2021 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 55% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 2.5 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.4% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $64,995 2017-21 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.2% 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 22% 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 2.3% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.9% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 59% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 105 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 124 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.7 2021 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $151,405 2017-21 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $936 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2017-21 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 48% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 165 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 25 2021 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 10.0 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.70 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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