Public Safety
Serious Crimes

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Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

What does this measure?

The number of reported serious crimes per 10,000 residents. Serious crimes are defined by the FBI as murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft.

Why is this important?

Crime affects the quality of life of those who directly experience and witness it, and it also impacts the lives of others in a community who may feel threatened by it. Low crime rates may promote connections within the community, housing stability, and a community's attractiveness as a place to live, work and do business.

How is our region performing?

In 2021, there were 165 serious crimes reported per 10,000 residents in the 9-county region, similar to the state rate of 173. Regionally, serious crimes have declined 53% since 2000, greater than the 44% decline statewide. The lowest decrease was in Seneca (24%) with the highest in Wyoming (75%) since 2000.

Serious crime rates were highest in Monroe, at 195 crimes per 10,000 residents in 2021. Rates were lowest in Yates and Wyoming, 74 and 64, respectively. The City of Rochester has consistently had the highest crime rate in the area with a rate of 376 crimes per 10,000 in 2021, a decrease of 7% from 2020, and down 51% from 2000.

Notes about the data

Crime reports are never complete because not all crimes are reported, and some crimes in particular, such as rape and assault, are believed to be underreported. National data not available for 2021. Data for this indicator are released in the third quarter.

Serious Crimes
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
NYS308292282271261256250241242233232230231220209199193185179173170173
NYS (excluding NYC)271266261255246245245235239234234229229212201189182172157150146138
Region351334337348336312316285280286291284286263244233219216190185178165
Monroe434409412427418376375342336348352344340308285275252255224223212195
Surrounding Counties219216218221208210224196191189196190200191178165166152134124122117
Genesee270263279294303282293240241250244240243248258205218198165177142149
Livingston240252248272263291300238164153177166184168139138138127100959286
Ontario198199203205175165181172178174185194200192200168171148133134135129
Orleans15613014911414817121625225629524823521717716416218218714812011591
Seneca207174181172166167168159188184187192241225207210185167136129130157
Wayne229225216240232237242191214189210183198199175180179165164136147133
Wyoming25927526623415916517615112911811312613212392103818683647564
Yates14214115814513012014913411213818716116916412811912810498758974
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester775732771813795745733641634623675665635579504485465475420422407376
Regional Cities
Batavia356424518509489488440327325379363364401411445381397397298339264253
Canandaigua216238228229N/A157174241309364326322333330238257236213221246225
Geneva280314308307292351297294266280269311256282285318246248198201169179

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.




Number of Serious Crimes
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
NYS585,173557,485538,910519,076500,640489,399477,867460,995464,691449,969450,432448,915452,363432,695410,181391,448378,001363,177349,127336,996343,861343,357
NYS (excluding NYC)297,178293,260288,279282,861273,764272,267272,345261,054266,272261,612262,328257,249256,610238,340224,990211,500203,599191,929174,963166,876166,542156,852
Region42,09740,29840,74642,06740,72437,65538,21134,51233,93334,76235,43934,61434,82932,03329,63228,21626,44225,96122,82822,20521,76420,115
Monroe31,93430,23630,54331,68830,94727,77927,68225,27824,90425,85626,18625,66625,41023,07621,32420,52918,76518,95116,65816,52316,08814,726
Surrounding Counties10,16310,06210,20310,3799,7779,87610,5299,2349,0298,9069,2538,9489,4198,9578,3087,6877,6777,0106,1705,6825,6765,389
Genesee1,6341,5851,6831,7781,8251,6931,7541,4411,4461,4971,4621,4391,4531,4671,5171,1991,2631,1439461,015827861
Livingston1,5521,6421,6141,7731,7251,9021,9631,5611,0759981,1571,0741,1951,088896885886809635600566530
Ontario1,9762,0112,0672,1031,8061,7251,8891,8141,8971,8701,9952,1032,1752,0962,1821,8351,8661,6231,4621,4721,5141,448
Orleans6895726494986467459401,0911,1071,2661,0631,004920747687673749764600486464367
Seneca689606636606586587590565665651660681853794721730643571466440438530
Wayne2,1512,1132,0202,2552,1822,2182,2671,7842,0081,7741,9661,7091,8431,8421,6041,6441,6231,4951,4831,2251,3421,210
Wyoming1,1241,1851,1451,006681704753641547500476528552510380422327346333257304261
Yates348348389360326302373337284350474410428413321299320259245187221182
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester17,06416,11416,91117,74217,24016,01715,66513,62713,43213,15514,21213,98813,36112,16010,54610,1079,6589,8068,6558,6908,5957,919
Regional Cities
Batavia586690839820782773692512506587559556610618664564582578432487411391
Canandaigua245268255254N/A170187257327385344338349345248265243218224260237
Geneva385427419417395474398392354372357412338371374413314317252254211222

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 18% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2017-21 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,399 2021 1 0
Maintaining
Recreation Spending $83 2021 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 55% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 2.5 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.4% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $64,995 2017-21 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.2% 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 22% 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs 2.3% 2021 2 1
Increasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.9% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 59% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 105 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 124 2021 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.7 2021 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $151,405 2017-21 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $936 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2017-21 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 48% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2017-21 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2017-21 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2017-21 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 165 2021 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 25 2021 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 59 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 10.0 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.70 2017-21 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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